The purpose of this lesson is to help students understand the difference between a want and a need and help them gain an awareness of the levels in Maslow’s Hierarchy and connect them to the students’ lives.
Ask students what they need to have in life to survive. Listen for things like water, food, sleep, and air to breathe. Prompt students if needed. When an idea is suggested that is a want instead of a need, discuss the difference between a want and a need.
Display the Want vs. Needs T-chart. Hang the T-chart for students to see. Show students the picture cards and ask if it’s a want or a need. Tape the picture cards onto the displayed T-chart to refer to.
Students could also complete this activity in small groups or as partners.
Show students Maslow’s Hierarchy or the Pyramid of Happiness anchor chart. Explain how each step is like a level of happiness and the higher up we go, the happier we can be.
Display the slideshow and move through each level of the Pyramid of Happiness. Stop at each level and teach students an action that matches the level indicators.
Practice matching the movement to each level by calling out the names of the levels and allowing students to make the movement.
Give students an empty Pyramid of Happiness worksheet and have them draw pictures or write words inside the spaces to represent what they have in their life for each level. They might include their favorite foods, house, family members, things they like to do, and things they are good at.
Read the book Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes. Have a class discussion.
Allow students to brainstorm and share with partners what they could have done to help her feel like she belonged in her class.
English Language Arts
3.RL.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a
text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.
3.RL.3 Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or
feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence
3.RL.6 Distinguish their own point of view from that of the narrator or
those of the characters.
3.SL.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-
one, in groups, and teacher led) with diverse partners on grade 3 topics
and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
3.SL.2 Determine the main ideas and supporting details of a text read
aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats,
including visually, quantitatively, and orally.