Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a popular motivation theory that is widely referred to in educational circles. In this theory, Abraham Maslow, an American psychologist, suggested that before individuals can meet their full potential, they must satisfy a series of needs. The hierarchy is displayed as a pyramid with 5 levels, where the most basic needs—the physiological need for food and shelter—form the base, followed by the need for safety, the need to belong or be loved, the need for self-esteem and achievement, and at the top, the need for self-actualization and fulfillment. The top levels of the pyramid can only be reached when the lower-level needs are met.
Well-being is multi-dimensional and requires a balance of each area: physical, social, emotional, mental, and academic. Our needs change from day to day, due to new circumstances and experiences. Because of this constant change, we must be willing to make necessary adjustments to maintain balance, creating a happier, more well-rounded life.