Critical thinking is an important 21st-century skill. It involves seeking reliable sources, forming opinions based around facts and knowledge, and comparing/contrasting information.
According to Carol Dweck, a fixed mindset is believing that your qualities are carved in stone and cannot change. A growth mindset is based on the belief that your basic qualities are things you cultivate and grow through your efforts, your strategies, and help from others. Our brain is like a muscle and we can train our thoughts to be more growth-centered through practice.
Agency describes our capacity to act in an empowered and autonomous way. When we feel that we have the power to make choices and share our voice, we feel more confident. Students thrive in their learning (and in life) when they are allowed to make decisions.
Mindfulness is simply living and enjoying the present moment rather than worrying about the past or the future. Strategies to practice mindfulness include creating art, enjoying music, meditation, deep breathing, and exploring nature.